Part of the American History & Genealogy Project

 Carroll County Maryland

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Court House at Cumberland

Carroll County was formed in 1836 from the counties of Baltimore and Frederick, between which it lies, with Howard on the south and Pennsylvania on the north. The county has an area of 437 square miles and was named in memory of Charles Carroll of Carrollton, who died in 1832, the last survivor of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.

The surface is diversified, being level, undulating or broken, watered by fine streams issuing from innumerable springs which make up the tributaries of the Potomac, the Monocacy and the Patapsco. These streams furnish motive power for cotton and woolen factories, and many flourishing mills. The soils being limestone, slate and iron, are fertile and easily improved. These lands respond bountifully to the efforts of the agriculturist, whose products are corn, wheat, rye, oats, buckwheat, hay and potatoes. In many sections grazing is fine, and dairy farming is profitable.

Limestone is quarried in large quantities for lime-making; and granite, marble and brownstone furnish excellent building material. Iron, copper, soapstone and flint are found in quantities sufficient to be worked with profit. Ample facilities for speedy and satisfactory transaction of business are furnished by fourteen banks, in which the deposits amount to between two and three million dollars.

Westminster, with a population of 3,199 is the county seat. Other towns ranging in population from 1,200 to 500 are Union Bridge, Taneytown, Manchester, Hampstead, Sykesville, New Windsor and Mt. Airy. Carroll was the first county in the United States to establish rural free delivery of mail. In 1899 the system went into operation, and at present four wagons and forty-six carriers distribute mail in all parts of the county.

The Western Maryland, Baltimore and Ohio and Frederick Division of the Pennsylvania are the Carroll railroads. The Western Maryland College and the Westminster Theological Seminary of the Methodist Protestant Church are at Westminster, and New Windsor College, at New Windsor.

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 Maryland AHGP

Source: History of Maryland, by L. Magruder Passano, Wm. J.C. Dulany Company, 1901.

 
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