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Anne Arundel County

Welcome to Maryland American History and Genealogy Project we are in the process of building new State and County pages for the states where the coordinator has moved on to other projects. Anne Arundel County is looking for a new Coordinator would you be interested? If so please contact Webmaster. Many of the present coordinators are always willing to give help and suggestions to newcomers, you can learn, I did and that was after 60!! Read our About Page and see what our requirements are, pretty easy!

Court House at Annapolis

Anne Arundel County was erected in 1650 and has an area of 400 square miles. It was named after the Lady Anne Arundel, whom Cecilius Calvert married. It fronts eastward on the Chesapeake, and within its territory five rivers are contained, the Severn, most beautiful sheet of water of its size in the United States; Magothy, South, Rhode, and West. On the north and northeast is the Patapsco, and Howard County lies northwest of Anne Arundel. The Patuxent separates it from Prince George's on the west, and Calvert is on the south. Annapolis, the State capital, is also the county seat. In 1694 it supplanted St. Mary's City as the seat of government in the colony, and grew to be the "Paris of America," the abode of wealth, elegance and fashion. In the Senate chamber of the historic old State House Washington resigned his commission as Commander-in-Chief, to the Continental Congress, at the close of the Revolution; on State House Hill, where Revolutionary troops encamped, is a historic statue of Baron de Kalb, commander of the Maryland Line on the gory field of Camden.

Near the State House is the Executive Mansion, and in the vicinity are numerous specimens of eighteenth century architecture. The city and county are rich in historical associations. Eden, the last of the colonial governors, died in Annapolis, and his grave is on the Severn. Tombs of the early settlers, bearing still familiar names, and other traces of the past preserve county history. The Maryland Gazette, first printed in 1745, is one of the Annapolis newspapers. The United States Naval Academy is a government reservation adjoining the city.

The population of Annapolis is 8,525. It was named after Queen Anne. Agriculture and horticulture are leading industries of the county, and its manufacturing interests are numerous, and some of them of great importance. South Baltimore, in the northern part of the county, is a manufacturing center, with car works and other large plants; Brooklyn has various industries; Annapolis, a port of entry, is a leading center of the oyster industry. Tobacco, wheat, corn, vegetables and fruits are grown, and woodland areas have heavy growths of oak, pine and other trees.

The railroads are the Baltimore and Potomac; Baltimore and Ohio; Annapolis, Baltimore and Washington; and Baltimore and Annapolis Short Line. St. John's College, the alma mater of many distinguished Marylanders, is at Annapolis.

Anne Arundel institutions have been notable in the educational annals of Maryland.

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 Maryland AHGP

Source: History of Maryland, by L. Magruder Passano, Wm. J.C. Dulany Company, 1901.

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