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 Worchester County Maryland

Welcome to Maryland American History and Genealogy Project we are in the process of building new State and County pages for the states where the coordinator has moved on to other projects. Worchester County is looking for a new Coordinator would you be interested? If so please contact Webmaster. Many of the present coordinators are always willing to give help and suggestions to newcomers, you can learn, I did and that was after 60!! Read our About Page and see what our requirements are, pretty easy!

Worcester County was formed in 1742 and originally included, with the shadowy county of Durham, all the Maryland territory lying on the Delaware from the fortieth parallel to the ocean. The centre of settlement in that Worcester was "the Horekeele" the present Lewes. Mason and Dixon's Line gave Worcester its now northern boundary.

Chincoteague, Sinepuxent, Isle of Wight and Assateague Bays take up a considerable part of the county's area of 487 square miles. Its name recalls the loyalty of the Proprietaries to the royal house of Stuart. Snow Hill, the county seat, was one of the "towns and ports of trade" erected in 1686, It is at the head of navigation on the Pocomoke River, and on the Delaware, Maryland and Virginia Railroad, and its manufactures are locally important. At Pocomoke City millions of baskets and crates for the fruit and vegetable trade are made annually, and the building of oyster boats and other craft is an important industry.

The population of the town is 2,124; that of Snow Hill, 1,596, and of Berlin, 1,246. Smaller towns are Ironshire, Girdletree, Whaleyville, Bishopville, Newark, Box Iron, Stockton, and Klej Grange. Worcester is the only county in the State which borders on the Atlantic Ocean, and it has in Ocean City a thriving and prosperous seaside resort, which has been of great advantage to truckers on the mainland near there, and which has added materially in the taxable basis. The principal industries are agriculture, manufacturing of lumber, and the oyster and other fisheries. The people are chiefly of English descent. The soil varies from a light sand to a heavy clay, the majority of it being a good loam, with some clay. The principal products are cereals, fruits, truck and timber.

The lower part of the Sinepuxent Bay in Worcester is one of the most fertile oyster fields to be found. During the season there are shipped from the railroad station at Girdletree about 30,000 barrels, and from Hursley about the same number, beside those that are consumed locally or are shipped by vessels. At Ocean City a fish company has been formed and annually ships thousands of barrels of the finest fish to Northern markets.

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Source: History of Maryland, by L. Magruder Passano, Wm. J.C. Dulany Company, 1901.

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